The Living entity since thousands of years has been performing actions to satisfy the senses for sense gratification under the influence of false ego and considers that satisfying the human senses is the prime goal of life. The solution to this is to perform action in devotion, for the satisfaction of the Supreme without considering the cause of result of such actions, with no thought of gain or loss and insecurity, such a person remains neutral with no dualities and anxieties thus for him happiness and distress, loss or gain all are same and he enjoys "within", ever satisfied in "self" and disconnects the sense from its objects though due to presence of body sense the taste remains but one who has experienced a higher taste such a person becomes stable in devotion to the Supreme and attains real peace.
One who doesn't abide by following the Supreme and considers himself everything, such a persons goal is to contemplate with the senses and its desires and during which he develops attachment and from attachment lust develops and from lust, anger arises, but one who overcomes the human senses he is free from their contamination and attains real peace. Its said that the one with no thought of happiness and distress, victory or defeat, loss or gain performs his actions as a matter of duty never incurs sin. The human society is basically divided in four divisions - A Teacher, A Protector, A Businessman, A Laborer and as per the class in which he practices, he should perform his actions as a matter of duty under the frame of law.
Along with the performance of our good deeds. Prayers, sacrifices and charity should never be given up and one should always perform them because the fruit of such auspicious actions is always auspicious and it results in overall success.
The Living entity in this material world has to live peacefully and for this he should be satisfied with "self", for such a person there is no work, neither he is depended on any work nor he refuses not to work. its basically to become free from the bondage of work, its not that the individual is not supposed to work, obviously he has to work, even to maintain this body, one has to work, even body cannot be maintained without work but practicing to remain in self and not dependent on the outside material objects frees us from the bondage of work.
The living entity in false ego thinks he is the cause of all his actions and its results which in reality are performed by the three modes of material nature. A person out of false ego, false pride thinks he is smart enough to work hard and achieve his desired results but actually its not so, the three modes of material nature with which he is effected take charge of the individual and perform actions as per their nature and hence there is always a fight for supremacy between these three modes and sometimes the mode of goodness wins making the individual perform good deeds and other times the mode of ignorance or passion takes over making the living being perform evil or passionate actions, hence according to the three modes of nature and work associated with them, the society has been divided into four parts - Teachers, Protectors, Traders and Laborers, one who knows about this, also never gets entangled with results of actions.
Its said that without prayers and sacrifices, one cannot live happily in this life then what to say about the next?, Its believed that when the living entity fully controls his nature and with his mind gives up all actions and its results then he lives happily in the city if nine gates (the body). There are various paths that lead to the super soul, either you think and concentrate on the super soul, if you cannot do this then offer service to the super soul, still not able to do this?. then work for the super soul, if you still cannot practice this, then work without fruitive results and never consider yourself the cause of result of your work because anyway all results are given only by the supreme, not able to practice this also?, then try to meditate, if this too is difficult then try to attain knowledge. Any of these paths will finally lead you to the super soul, to the supreme.
The 5 elements - Earth, water, fire, air and space + ego + intellect + 3 modes of nature + 10 human senses - Eyes, ear, nose, tongue, skin, speech, legs, hands, anus, genitals + mind + smell + taste + form + touch + sound + desire + hatred + happiness + distress + life symptoms + patience + action - All these are known as the the field of activity and its interactions (The human body).
True knowledge means - softness, nonviolence, patience, simplicity, to have a guru/teacher, holiness, stability, to stay away from objects of senses and sense desire, to control anger, ego, birth, death, old age, diseases, to sacrifice everything, unattached from wife, children, home and other material things, to remain steady and same in good and bad events, remain fully in super soul consciousness, desire to be alone, away from crowd, to enjoy within and always trying to search the supreme truth. Anything opposite to all this is ignorance. The living entity is may be not aware that material nature is actually the cause of all actions and its results and living entity is the cause of various happiness and distresses.
Even though the living entity is struggling too hard because of dualities and anxieties he constantly is forced to perform his actions under the influence of the three modes of nature and which give different results - The mode of goodness gives happiness and knowledge, the mode of passion leads to fruitive work and endless desires and distresses, where as the mode of ignorance leads to attachment, madness, laziness, sleep and darkness. Only if the living entity can see that in all activities no other performer is at work other than the three modes and also is in knowledge that the super soul is transcendental to all these three modes, he also attains the nature of super soul. Now this further looks interesting that if the living entity is able to transcend these three modes he can free himself from cycle of birth, death, old age and diseases and can enjoy his present life also.
Its believed that rituals, charity, sacrifices should never be given up and all these should be performed beginning with the word "Om" and they should end with the word "Tat", absolute truth is indicated by the word "Sat", now this looks more scientific as it explains the cause and outcome of actions performed, any action performed is outcome of 5 things - Body, doer, different senses, different types of endeavors and super soul, these 5 are together responsible for actions performed but due to ignorance the living being out of false ego considers himself to be everything and the cause of everything.
One should be in that knowledge and understanding by which one knows what is to be done and what is not to be done, what is to be feared and what is not to be feared, what is binding and what is liberating, who can distinguish between religion and ireligion, and who performs actions as a matter of duty. Being purified by intelligence and controlling the mind, with determination, one should give up the objects of sense gratification and being free from attachment and hatred, should prefer to live in peace, eating little, controls his body and mind and power of speech, remain in trance, such a person is surely elevated to the position of "self realization" and becomes joyful.